THE DETERMINERS

I.                 Definition: A ‘Determiner’ is a word which determines the position of a noun in a sentence. Determiners are also called modifiers because they modify the nouns.

II.              Kinds of Determiners: Determiners can be classified in six types given below.

a, an, the
This, that, these, those
My, our, his, her, their, its, your, yours.
one, two, first, both, some, any, many, few, a few, each, every, either, neither
Some, any, much, more, less, little, a little, the little.
What (ever), Which (ever), Whose, whose (ever), which, which(ever) etc.

                                                 I. Use of Articles - a , an , the
(a)  Use of Indefinite Articles: ‘a’ and ‘an’
        The  article ‘A’ is used
  Before singular common nouns not beginning with the words of vowel sound, e.g.
  a boy, a table, a young man, a university, a one-eyed man, a European, a book, a good woman etc.
ii.   In the sense of any, every or single, as:
   1. She could not speak a word.
   2. He earns five thousand a month.
iii.  ‘A’ is also used before a Proper Noun to make it a common noun, as:
       1. He is a Kalidas.
       2. He is a second Ranjit Singh.

      The article ‘An’ is used

i.        Before a Common noun singular form beginning with vowel sound as,
      an apple, an egg, an ink-pot, an umbrella, an ass, an M.L.A. an S.D.O., an enemy, an   engine etc.
ii.       Before a Common Noun Singular form beginning with silent ‘h’
 An heir, an honest man, an honest man, an honorable man.

 (b)  Use of Definite Article ‘The’:

      The Definite Article (the) is used in the following ways

i.    For a particular person, thing or animal that has already been mentioned:
       Once there was a crow.
       The crow was very thirsty.

ii.   Before Adjectives in the superlative Degree
 He is the best man in the city.
 She is the most beautiful girl in the class

iii.  To denote the whole class:
 The elephant is the biggest animal on the earth.
 The dog is a faithful animal.
The camel is called the aero plane of the desert.

iv.  Before Comparatives:
The higher you go, the cooler it is.
This is the better of the two chairs

v .  Before words indicating number, weight and measure :
Bananas are sold by the dozen.
Cloth is sold by the meter

vi.   Before the words denoting important historical events:
The Revolt of 1857, The French Revolution, The liberation of Bangla Desh, The American War of Independence.

vii.  Before the names of rivers, canals, mountains, oceans, islands :
The Ganga , the Sutlej, the Himalayas, the Indian Ocean, the Bhakra Canal, the Aravalis, the bay of Bengal.

viii.  Before the sacred books:
The Gita,  the Guru Granth Sahib, the Bible the Kuran Sharif
ix.    Before the names of the historical buildings
The Taj Mahal, the Red-fort, the Golden Temple

x.     Before the names of trains:
The Frontier Mail, The Rajdhani Express, the Chhatisgarh Express.

xi.    Before the names of some countries where the names are descriptive:
The United States of America, The United Kingdom

xii.   Before the names of News Papers:
The Tribune, the Indian Express, the Hind Samachar

xiii.  Before a Proper Noun used as Common Noun and before Common Noun used as an Abstract Noun:
Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the lion of the Punjab.
Kalidas is called the Shakespeare of India.
Gandhi Ji is called the father of the Nation.

xiv.    Before high titles and ranks:
Alexander the Great, the Great Caesar, the Honorable Minister.

xv.     Before the names of communities, nations and commissions:
The Hindus, the Sikhs, the Muslims, the Shah Commission.

xvi .   Before Unique Objects:
 The moon, the sun, the earth, the sky.

xvii.   Before the objects of strength:
 The snow-storm, the tempest, the sea tides.

xviii.  Before the organs of the body:
  The head, the tail, the liver, the heart

xix.    Before Ordinals:
  The 2nd prize, the fourth girl, the 15th August.

xx.     Before an Adjective to make it a Noun in the Plural:
  The rich, the poor, the illiterate, the educated

xxi.    In certain phrases; as
I met him in the market.
The patient is on the last leg.
Honesty pays in the long run.
 xxii.   Before a thing which stands for the agent, or the thing associated:
            The pen is mightier than the sword.
            The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.
 xxiii.  Before some adverbs ; as
 The more we get, the more we want.
                                    POINTS TO REMEMBER

Article is not used before a Common Noun when it is used in its widest sense.
Man is mortal.
Animal have an undeveloped brain.

No article is used before Proper Nouns
Delhi is the capital of India.
Jawahar Lal Nehru was a great leader.

The is not used before the names of individual peaks
The Everest (incorrect) is the highest peak in the world.
Everest is the highest peak in the World.

Article is not used before Abstract Nouns
Wisdom is better than riches.
Common sense is of great virtue.

 Article is not used before Material Nouns
 Gold is a precious metal.
 Iron is a useful metal

                                            II. Use of Demonstartives

‘This’ is used for things lying near.
‘That’ is used for things lying at some distant
‘These’ is the plural form of ‘this’ and ‘those’ is the plural form of ’that.’
‘That’ and ‘those’ are also used to denote remoteness.

                                               III. Use of Possessives

 My, her, his, our, your, their, Ram’s. Sohan’s etc. are the possessives.

                                 IV. & V. Use of Numerical and Quantitative Determiners

1.      ‘Some’ and ‘Any’
Some means a small quantity or a small number. Some is followed by an uncountable singular noun or countable plural noun. When used with a plural noun it means a small number.

Examples :
i. Give the child some milk (a small quantity)
ii. Give me some apples (a small number)
iii. There are some girls in the room. . (a few)
iv. There is some milk in the pot. (a small amount)

Generally some is used in affirmative statements while any is used in negative statements or questions

i.  There are some boys in the class (Affirmative)
ii. There is not any boy in the class (Negative)
iii. Is there any boy in the class? (Question)
iv. There is some milk in the pot (Affirmative)
v.  There is not any milk in the pot (Negative)
vi. Is there any milk in the pot ?(Question)

2.         Few, a few, the few
Few means very small number or zero.

A few means some.
The few means small but all the ones under reference

I have few friends in this town. (almost none)
I have a few friends in this town. (a small number)
He gave the few books to me he had. (whatever small number)

3.         Each, Every
 Each is used for everyone out of a known number or group.
 Every is used for each thing or person or the whole.

Examples :
i.   Each player was given a prize.
ii.  Every man wants to become rich:
iii. Each student will reach in time.
iv. Everything has its own value.
4.       Either, Neither
 Either means one of the two.
 Neither means none of the two.

i.  Either room is suitable for me.
ii. Neither chair is useful to me.

5.       Little, a little, the little:
‘Little’ means very small amount or all most negligible.
‘A little’ means very small.
‘The little’ means whatever little exists, but the whole.
i.   There is little water in the pot. (very very small or none at all)
ii.  There is a little milk in the pot. (some milk, but not much)
iii. The little milk in the pot has been drunk by a cat. (Whatever little was in the pot)

6.       Much, more, less:
‘Much’ is generally used with uncountable singular nouns.
‘More’ is used with uncountable singular nouns or countable plural nouns.

‘Less’ means small amount.

1. There is much sugar in the jug.
2. More boys have come today.
3. You need some more milk daily.
4. We spent less time in Dehradun than Mossuri.
                                 VI. Wh – words used as Determiners

i. Whose child are you?
ii.What will you buy today?
iii.Which book do you like?
iv.What candidate will you vote for?



USE OF ‘A’ , ‘AN’ , ‘THE’

1.      What  is ____ matter?
2.      I will call ____ cab.
3.      She uttered ____ cry.
4.      She had become ____ woman of household.
5.      I have to perform ____ operation.
6.      He showed ____ slight improvement.
7.      He stole ____ look at the other.
8.      I went to ____window.
9.      There’s ____ old man sitting silently.
10.  I thought of ___ strange plan.
11.  Copper is ____ useful metal.
12.  He is not ____ honorable man.
13.  ____ able man has not always a distinguished look.
14.  _____ reindeer is a native of Norway.
15.  An honest man speaks ____ truth.
16.  Rustum is _____ young Parsee.
17.  Do you see ____ blue sky?
18.  Varanasi is _____ holy city.
19.  Alladin had ____ wonderful lamp.
20.  The world is ____ happy place.
21.  He returned after ____ hour.
22.  ____ school will close shortly for summer holidays.
23.  _____ sun shines brightly.
24.  I first met him ____ year ago.
25.  Yesterday ____ European called at my office.
26.  Sanskrit is ____ wonderful language.
27.  _____ Ganga is ____ sacred river.
28.  ____ lion is _____ king of beasts.
29.  You are ___ fool to say that.
30.  French is ___ easy language.
31.  Who is ___ girl sitting there?
32.  Which is ____ longest river in India?
33.  Ram has come without ____ umbrella.
34.  Mumbai is ____ very dear place to live in.
35.  She is ____ untidy girl.
36.  The children found ____ egg in the nest.
37.  I bought ____ horse, _____ ox and _____ buffalo.
38.  If you see him, give him ____ message.
39.  English is ___ language of ___ people of England.
40.  The guide knows _____ way.
41.  Sri Lanka is _____ island.
42.  Let us discuss ____ matter seriously.
43.  John got ____ best present.
44.  India is one of ____ most industrial countries in Asia.
45.  He looks as stupid as ____ owl.


1.      Go and ask her for ____more pudding .I haven’t ____in my plate.
2.      ‘Please give me ____ more rice’.’Sorry, there isn’t _____’.
3.      I have ____ more books for you to read.
4.      There was ____ water in the pot but there isn’t _____ now.
5.      There aren’t ____ pens in the box now but there were ____ yesterday.
6.      There isn’t ___ rice in the bag now but there were ___ rice in it yesterday.
7.      Ali has ___ books but Hari hasn’t _____.
8.      I like those roses. Please give me ____.What a pity there aren’t ___pink ones!
9.      I can’t eat ___ more bananas, but I should like more oranges.
10.  I must have ___ milk and ___ sugar or I can’t make tea.
11.   We had ___ tea but there wasn’t ____ sugar to put in it.
12.  You must tell us ____ more of your experience.
13.  There aren’t ___ candles left. We must buy ____ more.
14.  Put _____ sugar in your tea. I have not put ______.
15.  You can’t have ____ chocolates because I want ____ for myself.
16.  I want to buy ____ fruit. We haven’t put ___ in the house today.
17.  There is ___ tea in the cup but there isn’t  ____ milk.
18.  Can you lend me ___ pens? No, I haven’t ____.
19.  It is quite easy. You will have hardly _____ problem.
20.  Give me a book. _____ book will do.

                  USE OF ‘FEW’,‘A FEW’,‘THE FEW’,‘LITTLE’,‘ A LITTLE’,’THE LITTLE’

1.      He lent me _______ books.
2.      _____ clothes she had were all torn.
3.      He was late and it caused me ____ anxiety.
4.      It was raining and only ___ boys could reach the school.
5.      The teacher has ___ control over his class.
6.      _________ books she had were all lost.
7.      _______ the people live to be 100.
8.      ________poems he has written are all of great excellence.
9.      It is a question of spending ____ rupees.
10.  He has read only ____- books.
11.  _____ friends she has are all sincere.
12.  ______ boys attended the class.
13.  There are ____ beds in the hospital.
14.  ________hints on the essay writing are quite to the point.
15.  _____ public libraries that we have are not well equipped.
16.  _____ grain they had was damaged by polluted water.
17.  ______knowledge is a dangerous thing.
18.  He has ___ influence over his old followers.
19.  There is ____ hope of his recovery.
20.  _________influence that he has, he uses to the best advantage.
21.  He has ____ money with him.
22.  He has ____ sense.
23.  _________ strength he had in him proved useless.
24.  He takes _____ interest in me.
25.  _________money he had was all stolen.

                                USE OF ‘MUCH’, ‘MANY’
1.      How ____ time will you take for this work?
2.      How ____ days will you take for this work?
3.      How ___ times have you gone there?
4.      How ____ milk is there in that bottle?
5.      I don’t know how_____ children she has got.
6.      I don’t know how ___ money he has spent on gambling.
7.      I don’t know how ____ people she has deceived.
8.      I don’t know how ___ years  ago I met her.
9.      The children didn’t make_____ noise.
10.  How ____ did you pay for your new car?
11.  Are there ____ rich people in Sikkim?
12.  There is not ____ milk in the pot.
13.  It is not good to eat _____ sweets.
14.  She has not got _____ money.
15.  There wasn’t ____ noise in the class.
16.  Is she going to buy _____ ornaments?
17.  There weren’t _____people present at the concert.
18.  There wasn’t _____ food in the house.
19.  How ____ money do you earn in a day?
20.  Are there _____ houses in the lane?
21.  Is there ______ difficulty in crossing the street?
22.  Anjali has ____ money.
23.  There are ____ books in the library.
24.  __________men were not present there.
25.  The students made _______noise in their vacant period.
                   USE OF ‘LESS’,‘ FEWER’,‘LEAST’,‘THE FEWEST’,‘ THE LEAST’

1.      You must take _____ meals a day.
2.      This work is lighter so I can do with ______ manpower.
3.      ____ butter and _____ eggs will serve the purpose today.
4.      No ____ than forty boys failed in a class of fifty.
5.      _____ than 10 kg of sugar will not serve any purpose.
6.      It is bad that you devote ____time to your studies now.
7.      He made ____ mistakes than his brother.
8.      John has ____ friends than I.
9.      There is ____ rice in this bag than in that one.
10.  There are ____ boys than girls in the class.
11.  I have ____ money than you.
12.  There is ____ fruit in this basket than in that one.
13.  This basket has _____ apples than that one.
14.  There are ___ rich men in that village than ours.
15.  This tree has _____ branches of all these trees.
16.  The poor women gave ____ money of all.
17.  No one gave ____ money than she.
18.  No one gave ____than ten rupees.
19.  We got the ____ marks of all.
20.  February has ____ days of all the months.
21.  No ___ than 40 persons were killed in the explosion.
22.  There is ____ milk in my cup than in yours.
23.  There is ____ sugar in my coffee than in hers.
24.  There are _____ boys on this bench than on that one.
25.  There are ____ girls in this class than in that one.

                       USE OF ‘NO / NONE / ANY / +body / +thing / +where

1.      ____cars are allowed in the city centre.
2.      _____came to visit me while I was in hospital.
3.      The house is empty. There’s ____ living there.
4.      We haven’t got ____ money.
5.      I didn’t say _______.
6.      She didn’t tell _____about her plans.
7.      The station isn’t _____ near there.
8.       ____tells me anything.
9.      I am so hungry that I can eat _____.
10.  The exam was extremely difficult. ____ passed.
11.  The exam was very easy.___ could have passed.
12.  We had to walk home because there was ___ bus.
13.  I can’t talk to you now.I have got ____ time.
14.  The party was a disaster. ____ enjoyed.
15.    It was a public holiday so there were ___shops open.
16.  I haven’t got _____money.
17.  I couldn’t make an omelette because there were ___ eggs.
18.  I couldn’t make an omelette because there weren’t ___eggs.
19.  We took a few photographs but ___ of them were very good.
20.  How stupid! _____ intelligent person would do such a thing.
21.  I will try and answer _____questions you ask me.
22.  I couldn’t answer ____ of the questions you asked me.
23.  We cancelled the party because ___of the people we invited were able to come.
24.  I don’t want ___ to drink. I am not thirsty.
25.  The bus was empty. There was ____ on it.
26.  I went to the shop but I didn’t buy _____.
27.  ‘What did you buy?’ ‘_____. I couldn’t find ____I wanted.’
28.  The town was still the same. _____ had changed.
29.  Have you seen my watch? I can’t find it _________.
30.  There was complete silence in the room. ________said _______.   


1.      ‘Do you want tea or coffee?’_______I really don’t mind.
2.      ‘What day is it today-the 18th or the 19th ‘?’’_____.It is the 20th.
3.      There are two sand witches here. You can take ______.
4.      ‘When shall I phone you –morning or evening’?’____.I will be in all day.
5.      ‘Is Kate at work or at home’?’_____.She is away on holiday.
6.      _____my parents are from London.
7.      There are two ways to the garden. You can go _____way.
8.      I tried twice to phone George but ____times he was out.
9.      ______Tom’s parents is English. His father  is Italian and mom Indian.
10.  _____ restaurents are very good.
11.  _______ restaurant is expensive.
12.  We can go to _____ restaurant. I don’t mind.
13.  ____us were very tired.
14.  Do you want tea or coffee? ______. I don’t mind.
15.  I was ____tired and hungry.
16.  _____ you apologize or I will never speak to you again.
17.  We tried two hotels. ________of them had any rooms. _____of them were full.
18.  I tried a lot of hotels but ____ of them had any rooms.
19.  I took two books with me but I didn’t read ____of them.
20.  I took five books with me but I didn’t read ___ of them.
21.  There are a few shops but ___ of them sell newspapers.
22.  You can phone me at ____time during the evening.
23.  I can meet you on the 6th or the 7th.Would ____of those days be convenient for you?
24.   John and I couldn’t get into the house because ____of us had a key.
25.  There were a few letters but ____ of them were for me.

                         USE OF ‘ALL / EVERY / WHOLE + body/thing/where/one

1.      It was a good party. _____enjoyed it.
2.      ______I have eaten today is a sandwich.
3.      _______has got their faults. Nobody is perfect.
4.      Nothing has changed._______ is the same as it was.
5.      Margret told me _______about her new job.
6.      Can ____ write their names on a piece of paper please?
7.      Why are you always after money? Money isn’t ______.
8.      I didn’t have much money with me. _______I had was ten pounds.
9.      When the fire alarm rang, _____left the building immediately.
10.  She didn’t say where she was going. ____she said was that she was going away.
11.  We have completely different opinions. I disagree with ___ she says.
12.  We all did well in the examination. _ ___ in our class passed.
13.  We all did well in the examination._____ of us passed.
14.  Why are you so lazy? Why do you expect me to do ___for you?
15.  The bus service is very good. There is a bus___ ten minutes.
16.  Tom is ill. He has to take some medicine ____four hours.
17.  I have spent ____the money you gave me.
18.  Rimi works _____ day except Sunday.
19.  I am tired. I have been working hard _____day.
20.  I don’t like the weather here. It rains ____ the time.
21.  When I was on holiday, _____my luggage was stolen.
22.  ________ seat in the theatre was taken.
23.  I read the ____ book in two hours.
24.  She has lived her ____ life in Scotland.
25.  _______said they enjoyed themselves.

                         USE OF ‘ EACH / EVERY ‘   + one

1.      ____player has three cards in Flash.
2.      Simi has read _____ book in the library.
3.      _____side of the square is of same length.
4.      _____seat in the theatre was taken.
5.      ________apartment has a balcony in our street.
6.      There is a train to London ____hour.
7.      She was wearing four rings, one in ____ finger.
8.      Our football team has been very successful. We have won ____game.
9.      There are four books on the table._______ book is of different colour.
10.  The Olympic Games are held ____four years.
11.  _______parent worries about their children.
12.  In a game of tennis _____player has a racket.
13.  He plays volleyball ___ Thursday evening.
14.  I understand most of what they said but not ____ word.
15.  The book is divided into our parts and ___of these has 3 sections.
16.  I get paid ____ four weeks.
17.  We had a great weekend. I enjoyed ____minute of it.
18.  I tried to phone her two or three times but ____time there was no reply.
19.  Car seat belts save lives._____ driver should wear one.
20.  Those oranges are for two rupees_______.
21.  Study ______ sentence carefully.
22.  ______ sentence must have a verb.
23.  None of the room was the same.______ was different.
24.  In a football match ,______ team has 11 players.
25.  _________of the books has a different colour.


               USE OF ‘A’ , ‘AN’ , ‘THE’

1. the
2. a
3. a
4. a
5. an
6. a
7. a
8. the
9. an
10. the
11. a
12. an
13. an
14. the
15. the
16. a
17. the
18. a
19. a
20. a
21. an
22. the
23. the
24. an
25. a
26. a
27. the , a
28. the , the
29. a
30. an
31. the
32. the
33. an
34. a
35. an
36. an
37. a , an, a
38. the
39. the , the
40. the
41. an
42. the
43. the
44. the
45. an

                   USE OF ‘SOME’, ‘ANY’
1. some , any
2. some , any
3. some
4. some , any
5. any , some
6. any , some
7. some , any
8. some , any
9. any , some

10. some, some ,any
11. some , any
12. some
13. any , some
14. some , any
15. any , some
16. some , any
17. some , any
18. some , any
19. any
20. any


1. a few
2. the few
3. a little
4. a few
5. little
6. the few
7. a few
8. the few
9. a few
10. a few
11. the few
12. a few
13. a few
14. a few
15. the few
16. the little
17. a little
18. little
19. a little
20. the little
21. a little
22. little
23. the little
24. little
25. the little

                                        USE OF ‘MUCH’, ‘MANY’
1. much
2. many
3. many
4. much
5. many
6. much
7. many
8. many
9. much
10. much
11. many
12. much
13. much
14. much
15. much
16. many
17. many
18. much
19. much
20. many
21. much
22. much
23. many
24. many
25. much


1. fewer
2. less
3. less, fewer
4. fewer
5. less
6. less
7. fewer
8. fewer
9. less
10. fewer
11. less
12. less
13. fewer
14. fewer
15. the fewest
16. the least
17. less
18. fewer
19. the fewest
20. the fewest
21. fewer
22. less
23. less
24. fewer
25. fewer

               USE OF ‘NO / NONE / ANY / +body / +thing / +where
1. no
2. nobody
3. nobody
4. any
5. anything
6. anybody
7. anywhere
8. nobody
9. anything
10. nobody
11. anybody
12. no
13. no
14. nobody
15. no
16. any
17. no
18. any
19. none
20. no
21. any
22. any
23. none
24. anything
25. nobody, none
26. anything
27. nothing,anything
28. nothing
29. anywhere
30. nobody,anything


1. neither
2. either
3. both
4. either
5. neither
6. both ( of)
7. either
8. both
9. neither (of)
10. both
11. neither
12. either
13. both of
14. either
15. both
16. either
17. neither,both
18. none
19. either
20. any
21. none
22. any
23. either
24. neither
25. none

                 USE OF ‘ALL / EVERY / WHOLE + body/thing/where/one

1. everybody
2. all
3. everyone
4. everything
5. all
6. everybody
7. everything
8. all
9. everybody
10. all
11. everything
12. everyone
13. all
14. everything
15. every
16. avery
17. all
18. every
19. all
20. all
21. all
22. every
23. whole
24. whole
25. everybody
                            USE OF ‘ EACH / EVERY ‘   + one

1. each
2. every
3. each
4. every
5. each
6. every
7. each
8. every
9. each
10. every
11. every
12. each
13. every
14. every
15. each
16. every
17. every
18. each
19. every
20. each
21. each
22. every
23. each
24. each
25. each